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Environmental impact caused by wild ungulates in protected areas

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UNIVERSIT ATEA BIOTERRA

BUCURESTI

INSTITUTUL DE ECONOMIE

AGRARAAL

ACADEMIEIRONL\NE

Universitatea Bioterra Bucuresti in

,

parteneriat

cu Institutul de Economie

Agrara al Academiei Romane

Simpozionul ~tiintific International:

"Management!ji

Legislatie in Agricultura,

Agroturism, Alimentatie, Economie

Agroalimentara,

Protectia Mediului!ji a

Consumatorului"

Universitatea Bioterra Bucure~ti,

Facultatea de Management Agroturistic

Buziiu,

(2)

[I i

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CAUSED BY WILD UNGULATES IN PROTECTED

AREAS

PISTOIA A.t, BERTOLOTTO

P.l, TOMEI R.

3,

POLI P.', CASAROSA L.t, FERRUZZI G.'

1 University of Pisa _ Department of Agric/flture, Food and Environment - via San Michele

degli Scalzi 2, 56124 Pisa, Italy

2 MSC CANDIDATE IN "AGRICULTURAL FOOD PRODUCTION" - UNIVERSITY OF PISA

3 MSc graduated in "Agricultural food production "- University of Pisa Corresponding author: apistoia@unipi.it

Abstract: Protected areas play a crucial role for conservation of natural habilats and

ecosystems. Protecting biodiversity means maintaining in good condition ecological processes in

order to ensure a good state of harmony between natural resources and environmental

conservation. It is known that one of the major threats of the Conservation is the presence of alien or invasive species, especial/y

if

they are introduced in protected areas. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) writes in the list of the 100 invasive species the wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) and the goat (Capra hircus L.). These ungulates represent a serious threat for natural ecosystems because they are able to alter natural habilats reducing biodiversity. The primary aim

of this study is to evaluate some aspects connected with environmental relationships mainly

between flora and fauna in protected areas. focusing on wild boars and feral goats. Secondly, il is analysed "Human dimension" aspect caused by presence and damage of wild animals finked to damage to crops and to dry stone wal/ supporting the typical cultivated terraces. To reach our goal we use as a case study the Portofino Natural Park in North- West Italy. because il houses one of the . largest biodiversity concentration in the Medilerranean area. In this protected area the wild boar is the most invasive between the two studied animai species, because of soil damages that influence hydro-geological balance of territory. Final/y, this species can quickly increase its population fOI the high prolificacy and low biological and predator mortality.

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