IL SIMPLE PRESENT DI TO HAVE. In questa sezione si affronta il verbo to have, traducibile con il corrispettivo verbo italiano avere.

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IL SIMPLE PRESENT DI “TO HAVE”

In questa sezione si affronta il verbo to have, traducibile con il corrispettivo verbo italiano avere.

FORMA AFFERMATIVA FORMA CONTRATTA

I have I've

You have You've

He/she /it has He/she/it's

We have We've

You have You've

They have They've

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VERB TO HAVE (GOT)

Nell'uso britannico e in particolare per quanto riguarda la lingua parlata, il verbo to have al simple present ha il significato di possesso relativo a oggetti, persone e cose. Viene strutturato con il participio passato del verbo to get, cioè got.

Forma affermativa Forma contratta Forma negativa Forma contratta

I Have got I've got I have not got I haven't got

You have got You've got You have not got You haven't got He/she /it has got He/she/it's got He/she/it has not got He/she/it hasn't got

We have got We've got We have not got We haven't got You have got You've got You have not got You haven't got They have got They've got They have not got They haven't got

TO HAVE – AUSILIARE

E' ausiliare quando.... Esempio

1. Significa possedere.

2. Si parla di caratteristiche fisiche.

3. Si parla di familiari.

4. Si parla dello stato di salute.

1. I have got a new car.

(Ho una macchina nuova.) 2. I have got blue eyes.

(Ho gli occhi azzurri.)

3. I have got one brother and two sisters.

(Ho un fratello e due sorelle.) 4. I have got a headache.

(Ho il mal di testa.

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QUESTIONS

QUESTIONS SHORT ANSWER

Have I got ? Yes, I have No, I haven't

Have you got ? Yes, you have No, you haven't

Has he got ? Yes, he has No, he hasn't

Has she got ? Yes, she has No, she hasn't

Has it got ? Yes, it has No, it hasn't

Have we got ? Yes, we have No, we haven't

Have you got ? Yes, you have No, you haven't

Have they got ? Yes, they have No, they haven'

Ex:

Have you got any brothers or sisters?

Yes, I have No, I haven't

Have Pedro and Maria got one car each?

Yes, they have No, they haven't

Have you got any homework to do?

Yes, I have No, I haven't

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USI PARTICOLARI TO HAVE

Il verbo to have (senza got) si usa per esprimere altri significati: fare il bagno, fare colazione, fare una nuotata . . .

EX:

I have a bath = Fare il bagno I have a rest = Fare un riposino She has a swim = Fa una nuotata

He has breakfast at 8 o'clock = Fa la colazione alle 8.00 They have lunch at 12,30 = Fanno il pranzo alle 12.30 We have a snack = Fanno uno snack

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USO PARTICOLARE DI TO HAVE

CASI PARTICOLARI ESEMPIO

Il verbo To have sostituisce

frequentemente i verbi to eat e to drink (in italiano corrisponde ai verbi

mangiare, bere e prendere riferito al cibo).

I usually have tea at five o'clock.

(Di solito prendo il tè alle cinque.) Let’s have pizza tonight!

(Mangiamo pizza questa sera!) Si usa il verbo to have nelle seguenti

espressioni riferite ai pasti:

To have breakfast: fare colazione To have lunch: pranzare

To have dinner / supper: cenare To have a snack: fare uno spuntino

What time do you usually have breakfast?

(A che ora fai colazione di solito?) Let’s have a snack!

(Facciamo uno spuntino!)

Si usa il verbo to have nelle seguenti espressioni:

To have a holiday: fare una vacanza To have a party: dare una festa To have a rest: fare un riposino To have a nap: fare un pisolino

To have a chat: fare una chiacchierata To have a look: dare un'occhiata

To have a bath: fare il bagno To have a shower: fare una doccia To have a swim: fare una nuotata To have a good time / To have fun:

divertirsi

We had a wonderful holiday last summer.

(Abbiamo fatto una bellissima vacanza l’estate scorsa.)

I had a nap, then I felt better.

(Ho fatto un pisolo, poi mi sono sentito meglio.)

I had a nice chat with him.

(Ho fatto una bella chiacchierata con lui.)

Let’s have a look!

(Diamo un’occhiata!)

Did you have a good time at the party last night?

(Ti sei divertito alla festa ieri sera?)

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