• Non ci sono risultati.

Emotional and behavioral problems in residential-care adolescents: links with attachment and alexithymia

N/A
N/A
Protected

Academic year: 2021

Condividi "Emotional and behavioral problems in residential-care adolescents: links with attachment and alexithymia"

Copied!
1
0
0

Testo completo

(1)

www.postersession.com www.postersession.com

EMOTIONAL -

BEHAVIORAL

DISORDERS

OBJECTIVE

METHODS

RESULTS

Adolescents in residental-care show high rates of emotonal and behavioral problems (71-76%; Jozefia et il., 2016), which hive been empiricilly linked with lower security or disorganizaton in atachment representatons (Allen, Moore, Kuperminc & Bell, 1998; Biaermins-Krinenburg et il., 2011; Muzi, Bizzi & Pice, 2018), is well is with the adolescent’s levels of alexithymia, especiilly in terms of

Difculty to Identiying Feelings [DIF] ind Difculty to Describing Feelings [DDF] (Di

Trini et il., 2013).

Compired with normitve peers, teenagers in residental-care are more at risk to show:

- disorginized or insecure itichment clissifcitons ind less security in atachment (Quirogi, Himilton-Giichritsis & Finés, 2017);

- higher levels of alexithymia (Minninen et il., 2011; Muzi, 2018). However, to our anowledge, no studies before investgited jointly itichment ind ilexithymii is possible risa fictors for the levels of emotonil ind behivioril problems showed by insttutonilized idolescents, is we iimed to do in this preliminiry report.

AIMS:

I.

To investgate the relation among atachment, alexithymia and

emotonal-behavioral problems in residental-care adolescents.

II. To annenn the rink of emotonal-behavioral problems, considering

atachment and alexithymia as predictors.

UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI GENOVA

Correspondence:

muziunige@gmail.com

cecilia.pace@unige.it

Partcipaotn

were 26 adolescents aged 13 - 18 (M = 16.4, SD = 1.3; 69% miles), placed in residental-care due to their adverse past experiences (76% difcultes in their fimily of origin, such ibuse, neglect or pirentil mentil diseise; 24% delinquency), enrolled trough the sociil ind heilth services in Northern Itily to pirtcipite in i lirger mult-method reseirch thit included other high-risa groups,

i.e. lite-idopted ind in foster-cire.

Pricedure.

The idolescents were issessed in home-visitng in their residentil-houses, during two individuil sessions listng ibout one hour ind i hilf. Before the diti collecton, ill the pirtcipints ind the legil cire-tiaer signed in informint consent sheet to tiae pirt into the lirger reseirch, thit his been ipproved by the Ethicil Commitee for Reseirch (CER) of the University of Genoi.

Meanuren.

- Child Behavior Check List 6-18 (CBCL; Achenbich & Rescorli, 2001), i

pirent-report questonniire, compiled by educitors for this study, to meisure the levels of

emotonal-behavioral problems;

- Friends and Family Interview (FFI; Steele, Steele & Kriss, 2009; Pice, 2014), i iudio-tiped semi-structured interview for ige 10-17 yeirs, thit issess the

attachment representatons, in terms of clissifcitons ind on corresponding sciles

(Secure [S];Insecure-dismissing [Ds]; Insecure-Preoccupied [P]; Disorginized [D]).

- Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20; Bigby, Piraer & Tiylor, 1994),i self-report questonniire to detect the levels oi alexithymia, in i globil score ind in terms of fictors DIF, DDF ind Externally Oriented Thinking [EOT] .

In line with other studies (Allen et il., 1998; Di Trini et il., 2013; Muzi et il., 2018), correlitons on residentil-cire idolescents reveiled thit higher levels of emotonal-behavioral problems were associated with:

- lower atachment security (rs =-.551, p = .012)

- higher levels of alexithymia, in terms of Difculty to Identfying Feelings (DIF; rs =.428, p =.029) ind Difculty to Describing Feelings (DDF; rs =.522, p =.006).

EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS

IN RESIDENTIAL-CARE ADOLESCENTS:

LINKS WITH ATTACHMENT AND ALEXITHYMIA.

Stefania Muzi

(1)

& Cecilia Serena Pace

(1)

(1)

Depirtment of Educitonil Sciences (DISFOR), University of Genoi, Itily

I. Relation

II. Rink annennmeot

Anilysis of β ilso highlighted thit the only signifcint predictors were itichment security ind the ilexithymii’s fictor Difculty to Describing Feelings

.

ATTACHMENT

Security

ALEXITHYMIA

Difculty ti

Dencribiog Feeliogn

ALEXITHYMIA

Difculty to

Identiying Feelings

β= -.476, p = .017*,

main predictor!

n.s., p = .97

β= -.435, p = .027*

REGRESSION MODEL: F = 8.65 R2 = .520 adjR2 = .459

Figure 1. Predictors ior emotonal-behavioral problems in residental-care adolescents.

risk predicton:

46%

CONCLUSIONS

The results iligned with the studies on normitve idolescence (Allen et il., 1998; Di Trini et il., 2013) suggestng thit, even for idolescents in residentil-cire, lower security in itichment ind higher ilexithymii - in terms of difcultes to identfying ind to describing feelings - miy be risa fictors for the levels of emotonil-behivioril problems.

We miy suggest the potental preventve and clinical utlity of assessing atachment representatons and alexithymia in teenagers in residental-care, because they could be related to their rate of behavioral and emotonal problems.

A mult-method issessment - e.g. using clinicil interviews for ilexithymii, is done in the lirger study thit includes this report - could be useful to direct the interventon. For eximple, is suggested by these results, idolescents could be supported in giining trust in meiningful relitonships – fostering their itichment security - ind in their ibility to describe their feelings to others, beciuse it could be protectve for their mentil heilth.

REFERENCES:

As shown in Figure 1, i multple regression reveiled thit i model with predictors atachment security and alexithymia’s factors DIF and DDF predicted 46% of the total level of emotonal-behavioral problems (adjusted R2=.46, p =.027).

Achenbich, T. M., & Rescorli, L.A. (2001). Manual ior the ASEBA school-age iorms e profles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Reseirch Center for Children, Youth ind Fimilies

Allen, J. P., Moore, C., Kuperminc, G., & Bell, K. (1998). Atichment ind idolescent psychosociil functoning. Child development, 69(5), 1406-1419.

Bigby, R. M., Piraer, J. D., & Tiylor, G. J. (1994). The twenty-item Toronto Alexithymii Scile—I. Item selecton ind cross-viliditon of the fictor structure. Journal oi psychosomatc research, 38(1), 23-32.

Biaermins-Krinenburg, M. J., Steele, H., Zeinih, C. H., Muhimedrihimov, R. J., Vorrii, P., Dobrovi-Krol, N. A., ... & Gunnir, M. R. (2011). III. Atichment ind emotonil development in insttutonil cire: Chiricteristcs ind citch up. Monographs oi the Society ior Research in Child Development, 76(4), 62-91.doi: 10.1111/j.1540-5834.2011.00628.x

Di Trini, M., Tomisset, N., Cipozzi, F., Solino, L., Romini, M., & Levi, G. (2013). Alessitmii, sintomitologii internilizzinte, esternilizzinte ed ossesivo-compulsivi in pre-idolescenzi: studio empirico su 160 sogget. Rassegna di Psicologia, 30(3), 77-94. doi: 10.7379/75666

 Jozefia, T., Kiyed, N. S., Rimehiug, T., Wormdil, A. K., Brubiaa, A. M., & Wichstrøm, L. (2016). Previlence ind comorbidity of mentil disorders imong idolescents living in residentil youth cire. Europein child & idolescent psychiitry, 25(1), 33-47. doi: 10.1007/s00787-015-0700-x

Minninen, M., Thermin, S., Suvisiiri, J., Ebeling, H., Moilinen, I., Hutunen, M., & Jouaimii, M. (2011). Alexithymii is common imong idolescents with severe disruptve behivior. The Journal oi nervous and mental disease, 199(7), 506-509. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e3182214281

Muzi, S. (2018). Risa fictors for emotonil- behivioril problems in residentil-cire ind lite-idopted idolescents: i pilot study with nirritve interviews for itichment ind ilexithymii. Proceedings oi XX Natonal Congress Italian Psychological Associaton Clinical and Dynamic secton, Urbino, IT. Mediterranean Journal oi Clinical Psychology, 6(2B), p. 95. doi: 10.6092/2282-1619/2018.6.1939.

Muzi, S., Bizzi, F., & Pace, C. S. (2018, July). Attachment and emotonal expressive suppression predict aggressive and rule-breaking behaviors in insttutonalized male adolescents. Poster session presented it 23rd World Congress of the Internitonil Associiton for Child ind Adolescent Psychiitry ind Allied Professions [IACAPAP] 2018, Prigue, CZ.

Pace, C.S. (2014). Assessing itichment representitons imong idoptees during middle childhood ind idolescence with the Friend ind Fimily Interview (FFI): clinicil ind reseirch perspectves. Attachment Assessment in treatments, preventon and interventon programs, 101. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01114.

Quirogi, M. G., Himilton-Giichritsis, C., & Finés, M. I. (2017). Atichment representitons ind socio-emotonil difcultes in ilternitve cire: i compirison between residentil, foster ind fimily bised children in Chile. Child abuse & neglect, 70, 180-189. doi: 10.1016/j.chiibu.2017.05.021

Riferimenti

Documenti correlati

Previous studies have shown persistence of pathogenic CD4 + T cells subsets in RA [ 33 , 34 ] but the molecular mechanisms underlying the resilience of these pathogenic subsets

Progetto di un nuovo sistema di controllo della sosta nella città di

L’offerta del nostro dipartimento attrae ed è pensata per studenti che vogliono avere nel loro bagaglio culturale e nella loro formazione una duttilità legata alla conoscenza

por el Congreso, requeriran del voto de las dos terceras partes de la totalidad de las miembros de cada Camara para gozar de jerarqfia constitucional. El mismo artfculo 75 en

The outcomes of the analysis led us to select the following variables: Integrated Water Vapour (that can be retrieved using Sentinel-1 or GNSS data), Soil Moisture at the surface

SPECTRAL AND TEMPORAL PROPERTIES OF THE ULTRA-LUMINOUS X-RAY PULSAR IN M82 FROM 15 YEARS OF CHANDRA OBSERVATIONS AND ANALYSIS OF THE PULSED EMISSION USING NuSTAR.. Murray Brightman 1

“L’ultima volta che sono andato poi in comunità, intanto mi sono andato a costituire, sono andato in carcere e ho cercato proprio di... gente ne conosco e ho cercato di dire a tutti

Il processo di formazione identitaria caratterizza fortemente l’età adolescenziale ed è strettamente legato al contesto ed alle relazioni interpersonali che