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# Show that the product f g is a modular form of weight k + l

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Univerit¨at Basel Herbsemester 2012

Master course A. Surroca - L. Paladino

Some topics on modular functions, elliptic functions and transcendence theory

Sheet of exercises n.3

3.1. Let

γ =

( a b c d

)

∈ SL2(Z).

Show that

dγ(τ )

= 1

(cτ + d)2, for τ ∈ H.

3.2. Show that the set Mk(SL2(Z) of the modular forms of weight k forms a vector space over C.

3.3. Let f be a modular form of weight k and let g be a modular form of weight l. Show that the product f g is a modular form of weight k + l.

3.4. Show that Sk(SL2(Z)) is a vector subspace of Mk(SL2(Z)) and show that S(SL2(Z)) is an ideal in M(SL2(Z)).

3.5. Let k ≥ 3 be an integer and let L =Z2\{(0, 0)}. Show that the series

(c,d)∈L

(sup{|c|, |d|})−k

converges, by considering the partial sums over expanding squares.

3.6. Let k ≥ 3 be an integer and let L =Z2\{(0, 0)}. Fix positive numbers A and B and let

Ω = {τ ∈ H : |Re(τ)| ≤ A, Re(τ) ≥ B}.

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Prove that there exists a constant C > 0 such that

|τ + δ| > Csup{1, |δ|}, for all τ ∈ Ω and δ ∈ R.

3.7. By using exercises 3.5 and 3.6, prove that the series deﬁning Gk(τ ) converges absolutely and uniformly, for τ ∈ Ω. Conclude that Gk(τ ) is holomorphic on H.

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